Investigation of the Titanium Alloy Turning Process with Prime A Tools under High-Pressure Cooling Conditions
Keywords:turning, titanium alloy, cutting forces, chip form, chip breakage index
When turning titanium alloys, it is difficult to ensure the required quality with maximum machining efficiency. A typical problem in the turning process of titanium alloys is to achieve effective breaking and removal of chips from the machining zone. The combination of the new construction of cutting tools and machining methods in the machining of titanium alloys increases the efficiency of the machining. For this reason, the use of tools typical for the Prime Turning method in combination with the high-pressure cooling (HPC) method was analysed. The longitudinal turning of the Ti6Al4V ELI titanium alloy was performed using Sandvik Coromant grade 1115 carbide tools. An increase in the pressure of the cutting fluid to p = 70 bar was used. Measurements of the components of the total cutting force for finishing machining with variable cutting parameters in the range of: feed rates f = <0.1;0.4> mm/rev, cutting depth ap = <0.25;1.0> mm and cutting speed vc = <40;80> m/min were performed. It has been shown that the values of cutting force are mainly dependent on the feed and the depth of cut. An analysis of the forms of chips obtained is presented. The dependence of the applied cutting parameters on the value of the chip breakage coefficient Cch was determined. The method of searching for the maximum efficiency of the turning process was determined, taking into account the desired value of the chip breakage coefficient.
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